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Physics Virtual Bookshelf

The bookshelf is a "permanent" repository for documents about Physics written by staff members of the Department of Physics, University of Toronto. Many of them were originally written as notes for various undergraduate courses given by the staff. Since often such notes are lost when the professor coordinating the course changes, those that are felt to be of interest to a wider community are collected here.

In 2001 the bookshelf was accessed nearly 10,000 times, with a significant fraction of those accesses not by Physics students at the University.

An issue for on-line documents is whether to read them on your screen or print the document and read it as hardcopy. The choice depends on the individual: most people find that reading hardcopy is much more effective than reading on a screen, particularly for the types of documents provided here. This distinction means that for some documents you will find links to an html and a pdf version of the same document. In this case, line breaks have been inserted into the html version so that the pdf version generated from it paginates reasonably when the document is printed.

Reading pdf documents requires that you have the Acrobat Reader, which is available free from


This site maintained by David M Harrison, who welcomes your comments and suggestions

 This page was last revised (m/d/y) on 10/24/02

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 Copyright © 2000 David M. Harrison